What Is The Darfur Peace Agreement
While the Abuja rebels were struggling to obtain the equivalent of what the SPLM/A had obtained from the CPA, the new National Unity Government (UNG) refused to give more than the CPA`s interim national constitution had generated. All the persistent hopes of the SLM/A and the JEM of favouring the SPLM/A, which is now in government, were dashed in January 2006, when the SPLM/A made it clear that it would not accept a revision of the CPA: there would be no change to the interim national constitution and they should be content with a share of power, wealth and security in this interim framework. “The parties to the peace agreement must do everything in their power to achieve a lasting peace that brings justice and stability to the country,” said Deprose Muchena. They were joined by South Sudanese President Salva Kiir. Peace is also fragile in South Sudan, where more than 400,000 people have been killed since the start of the civil war in 2013. The agreement required Sudan`s national unity government to complete the verifiable disarmament and demobilization of the Janjaweed militia by mid-October 2006; It also limited the movements of the popular defence forces and demanded their reduction. A detailed sequencing and implementation schedule has been established to ensure that the African Union has certified that the Janjaweed and other armed militias were disarmed before rebel forces came together to prepare for disarmament and demobilization. The agreement provided for the integration of 4,000 veterans into the Sudanese armed forces, the integration of 1,000 into the police force and 3,000 supported by training and training programmes. Veterans were to be integrated into 100-150 groups and represent 33 per cent of each integrated battalion. Some armed groups have not signed the agreement, which could be an obstacle to its success. From the beginning, the Sudanese Liberation Movement/Army Abdul Wahid Nur (SLM/A-AW), one of Darfur`s main armed groups, has refused to participate in peace talks.
Nor has any agreement been reached with the People`s Movement for the Liberation of the South (SPLM-N) led by Abdel Aziz al-Hilu, which controls parts of South Kordofan and Blue Nile. Buffer zones should be set up to accommodate internally displaced persons and humanitarian aid corridors. A commission has been set up to cooperate with the United Nations to help refugees and displaced people return home. The agreement stated that the Sudanese government would provide $30 million in compensation to victims of the conflict. Today`s signing of the peace agreement between the Sudanese government and the Sudan Revolutionary Front, an alliance of nine political and armed groups from different parts of the country, including states affected by the conflicts of Blue Nile, Darfur and Southern Kordofan, must meet the people`s aspirations for dignity and justice, Amnesty International said today.